Giridhara R Babu

“Public Health Matters because each Life Matters”-GRB

Public health is the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health through organized efforts of the society (Detels). As an epidemiologist, I work with determinants of health or disease with other health-related factors in human populations.

I work as Additional Professor at Bangalore campus of Indian Institute of Public Health of PHFI at Bangalore. I am with foundation since April 2006.

I have PhD in Epidemiology from UCLA Jonathan and Karin Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles with doctoral research in Non Communicable Diseases. Other details can be found hereI started my professional work experience as Junior Resident at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.  Subsequently, I worked with World Health Organization for more than 5 years. The details of work experience are provided here.

I am interested in application of epidemiological methods in public health. With over thirteen years of public health experience in infectious diseases and doctoral level research in NCD’s, I am in constant endeavor to learn the dynamics of diseases in human populations. Currently, I am principal investigator of setting up a birth cohort in Bangalore, India. You can find more details about my research here.

Areas of interest:

Life course epidemiology, Epidemiology methods, Occupational Health and Public health in LMIC

Contact

View Giridhara R Babu's LinkedIn profileView Giridhara R Babu’s profile

Official page of Organization: PHFI

Facebook Group: Public Health in India

Tweets by @epigiri

Education

  • Ph.D. (Epidemiology), University of California (UCLA), Los Angeles.
  • MPH: Masters in Public Health (Epidemiology), University of California (UCLA).
  • MBA: (Hospital and health Administration), IBMR, TASMAC, Pune.
  • PGMLE: Post Graduate Diploma in Medical Law & Ethics, National Law School of India University, Bangalore
  • MBBS: Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal

Research

Statement of Research Interests 

In Asia, there is an imperative need to implement the practice of evidence-based public health policy, planning, and spending. My earlier and ongoing research provides the appropriate evidence, which can guide the formulation of policy to bring in positive change that we can see in our lifetime. I am focused shaping my career towards independence and in building a long-term career in academic public health. Therefore, my future research plan is dedicated to exploring the impact of tackling determinants in the maternal and psychosocial environment and thereby promote positive health in populations through appropriate interventions.

The focus of my research is through the realization of the following objectives.

  1. Generating evidence regarding maternal and psychosocial environment of NCDs
  2. Explore the appropriate interventions through pilot projects
  3. Ensuring evidence-based public health policy planning and implementation

Objectives (a) and (b) help in identification and prioritization of maternal determinants of childhood obesity (and subsequent risk of diabetes and hypertension) in Asia.  The evidence available in the next three years will aid in the generation of rigorous, feasible and contextually specific population-based pilot interventions. The objective (c) will be achieved through the implementation of pilot interventions based on objectives (a) & (b). The three objectives together will contribute to logical and empirically grounded choices of public health interventions.

In the next few years, I want to pilot the interventions based on the results of the research on the role of the maternal and psychosocial environment of NCDs in different populations. The overall results from testing the interventions will result in the implementation of evidence-based public health. In the next 5 years, I wish to inculcate the evidence into policy formulations at the national and international level to influence policymakers to bring positive changes with respect to NCD prevention and control. Due to demographic transition and lifestyle changes, the aging Asian populations continually are affected by NCDs. My engagement of research and advocacy in NCDs will aid in improving the health of an aging population and improve productivity. I am uniquely positioned to study the effects from an intergenerational perspective and earnestly believe that the positive changes will see the transformation of societies in the next two decades. Therefore, my long-term goal is to ensure healthy populations are sustained through integrated technical and advocacy efforts. My track record of working in public health over 17 years has provided a clear resolve for the achieving the objectives listed above.

Ongoing Research Projects.

  1. Maternal Antecedents of Adiposity and Studying the Transgenerational role of Hyperglycemia and Insulin (MAASTHI): a prospective cohort study. Funded by Wellcome Trust DBT India Alliance: Link1 Link2 Link3
  2. Full meal supplementation: Evaluation of Effect in Pregnant and Lactating women (FEEL): Funded by Department of Women and Child, Government of Karnataka 
  3. Ambient and Indoor Air Pollution in Pregnancy on the risk of Low birth weight and Ensuing Effects in Infants (APPLE); A cohort study in South India.  Funded by Department of Science & Technology, Government of India

Details of the Ongoing Research Projects

  1. Maternal Antecedents of Adiposity and Studying the Transgenerational role of Hyperglycemia and Insulin (MAASTHI): a prospective cohort study. Funded by Wellcome Trust DBT India Alliance: Link1 LinkLink3

India is experiencing an epidemic of obesity-hyperglycaemia, which can be sustained and augmented through transgenerational transmission of adiposity and glucose intolerance in women. This presents an opportunity for exploring a clear strategy for the control of this epidemic in India. We conducted a study between November 2013 and May 2015 to inform the design of a large pregnancy cohort study. Based on the findings of this pilot, Currently, we are recruiting women in a birth cohort since April 2016. The protocol of the study documents the processes which aim at advancing the available knowledge, linking several steps in the evolution of obesity led hyperglycemia.

Maternal Antecedents of Adiposity and Studying the Transgenerational role of Hyperglycemia and Insulin (MAASTHI) is a cohort study in the public health facilities in Bangalore, India. The objective of MAASTHI is to prospectively assess the effects of glucose levels in pregnancy on the risk of adverse infant outcomes, especially in predicting the possible risk markers of later chronic diseases. The primary objective of the proposed study is to investigate the effect of glucose levels in pregnancy on skinfold thickness (adiposity) in infancy as a marker of future obesity and diabetes in offspring. The secondary objective is to assess the association between the psychosocial environment of mothers and adverse neonatal outcomes including adiposity. The study aims to recruit 5000 pregnant women and follow them and their offspring for a period of 4 years.

The carbohydrate ‘fuel’ metabolism in a pregnant woman may have a long-term impact on the development of her offspring (‘fuel-mediated teratogenesis’ hypothesis) including in utero exposure to maternal hyperglycemia leading to fetal hyperinsulinemia, and the consequent increase in fetal fat cells. Therefore, a feed-forward loop can exist of rising adiposity and hyperinsulinemia throughout childhood, perhaps leading to obesity and diabetes in later life. There is a need for prospective examination of body fat distribution in children born to mothers with different glycemic levels to understand the plausible association between glucose metabolism and future risk of diabetes in offspring.

We published detailed protocols of the study and pilot in open access peer-reviewed journals. (BMC,  BMJOpen)  In order to extend the recruitment, complete the follow-up and create a bio-repository, I have been awarded intermediate fellowship from Wellcome trust-DBT India alliance. With the funding support of WT-DBT India alliance, I am currently expanding the cohort study to aim to recruit more than 3000 pregnant women. Extending the study to multiple centers will provide the robust data for valid inferences.

Accomplishments

  • The knowledge from this study may be extremely important for developing an effective strategy for the control of the obesity-hyperglycaemia epidemic in low-income and middle-income countries. The results from our study can provide insights into the relation of adiposity during infancy and childhood into adult adiposity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM).
  • We have been able to recruit more than 700 pregnant women. All women have undergone Hb and OGTT (Fasting and 2 Hr PPBS with 75g glucose).
  • Additional funding requests are underway for expansion of the birth cohort and for testing the additional hypotheses.

Publications from this project are as follows:- (also visit, publications)

  • Babu, G. R., Garadi, L., Murthy, G. V. S., & Kinra, S. (2014). Effect of hyperglycemia in pregnancy on adiposity in their infants in India: a protocol of a multicentre cohort study. BMJ open, 4(6), e005417.
  • Babu, G R., B. Tejaswi, M. Kalavathi, G. M. Vatsala, G. V. S. Murthy, Sanjay Kinra, and Sara E. Benjamin Neelon. “Assessment of screening practices for gestational hyperglycemia in public health facilities: a descriptive study in Bangalore, India.” Journal of Public Health Research 4, no. 1 (2015).
  • Babu GR, Murthy GV, Deepa R, Kumar HK, Karthik M, Deshpande K, Neelon SE, Prabhakaran D, Kurpad A, Kinra S. Maternal antecedents of adiposity and studying the transgenerational role of hyperglycemia and insulin (MAASTHI): a prospective cohort study. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2016 Oct 14;16(1):311.
  • Giridhara R Babu, GVS Murthy, R Deepa, A Yamuna, Nolita Saldanha, Prafulla Shriyan, Maithili Karthik, Keerthi Deshpande, Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Anura Kurpad, Sanjay Kinra. Screening for Gestational Hyperglycemia in Public Hospitals: Baseline Results from piloting MAASTHI, a Cohort Study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth (In Press)
  • “Association of Obesity with hypertension and Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus in India A meta-analysis of observational studies”  (In Peer review)
  • Two more papers in review

2. Full meal supplementation: Evaluation of Effect in Pregnant and Lactating women (FEEL): Funded by Department of Women and Child, Government of Karnataka 

Understanding the relation between maternal nutrition and birth outcomes provides a basis for developing nutritional interventions that will improve- birth outcomes, childhood growth and development long-term quality of life and reduce mortality, morbidity, and health-care costs. To address the issue of maternal undernutrition and consequential adverse effects on birth outcomes or growth of children, Department of Women and Child Development, Government of Karnataka is piloting a new strategy on the provision of One full meal served to Pregnant and Lactating mothers at AWC along with IFA supplement in order to ensure consumption the food meeting 40% of the day’s nutrient requirement. This initiative provides a unique opportunity to understand the impact of nutritious food on pregnancy outcome and child development.

 Primary Objective The overall aim of the intervention study is to study the impact of hot fully cooked meals provided to pregnant women in improving pregnancy and infant outcomes.

Secondary Objectives

  • To estimate the impact of the intervention on change in mean Hb% in the intervention arm compared to control arm.
  • To estimate the impact of the intervention on weight for length in the intervention arm compared to control arm.

3. Ambient and Indoor Air Pollution in Pregnancy on the risk of Low birth weight and Ensuing Effects in Infants (APPLE); A cohort study in South India.  Funded by Department of Science & Technology, Government of India

*Under Development*

Details of Earlier Research

[2009-2012, University of California Los Angeles]

Summary: Hypertension is a major contributor to the worldwide epidemic of cardiovascular disease (CVD).[1,2] It is estimated that hypertension causes 7.5 million deaths worldwide amounting to 12.8% of the total of all annual deaths.[3] Many risk factors leading to hypertension are modifiable and therefore provide an opportunity for preventive efforts.[4] There is an imperative need for population-based research to understand the modifiable factors such as job stress in leading to Hypertension.[4] I chose workplace settings for the research as they provide opportunities to explore determinants of these negative behaviors and are amenable to interventions.[1]

I led a moderately large study (N = 1071) in the software professionals in Bangalore, India employed at 27 different IT companies. The focus of our study was to study the association of Job stress and Hypertension as well as understanding the on the age gradient of hypertension prevalence. The research established a higher prevalence of hypertension in the younger age cohort, affecting 31% professionals with 5% having malignant levels of hypertension. It was known earlier that south Asians are predisposed to be hypertensive a decade earlier compared the developed countries.[6] Our research suggested that hypertension in IT/ITES professionals occurs a decade earlier compared to the rest of India and two decades earlier compared to developed countries.[7] This suggests that if untreated, these professionals would go on to develop cardiovascular diseases (CVD) at an early age. The results also indicated that 46% of professionals were in pre-hypertension. In addition, I found that the dimensions of workplace autonomy and workplace environment are associated with hypertension.

 

Accomplishments

  1. The earlier understanding was that the association between job strain and coronary heart disease (CHD) is weak, with job strain slightly increasing the risk of coronary diseases by 3.4% in the general population.[9] Our meta-analysis showed statistically significant associations with 30% higher risk of hypertension for those with job strain. This proves that job strain might be affecting the CHDs through hypertension. The paper on the meta-analysis of job stress and hypertension, therefore, is a significant contribution to the body of literature and would influence future research delineating the effects of stress on CHDs. As a testimony to the impact of the paper, the original paper by us was republished by the BMJ group in their postgraduate medical journal.
  2. It is important that individuals with higher stress have to change their lifestyle to prevent a progressive rise in BP using the recommended lifestyle modifications. [8] As a result of the findings from the study, the software companies have approached us and have requested to engage with them for improving health outcomes. I am in discussion with a major IT company to finalize the details of engagement towards improving the health of the employees.
  3. I have published extensively on this work. The Publications from this project are as follows.
    1. Babu, Giridhara R., et al. “Republished: Is hypertension associated with job strain? A meta-analysis of observational studies.” Postgraduate Medical Journal 90.1065 (2014): 402-409.
    2. Giridhara R Babu, T. Mahapatra, and R. Detels. “Job stress and hypertension in younger software professionals in India.” Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 17.3 (2013): 101.
    3. Babu GR, Jotheeswaran A, Mahapatra T, Mahapatra S, Kumar A SR, Detels R, Pearce N. Is hypertension associated with job strain? A meta-analysis of observational studies. Occup Environ Med. 2014 Mar; 71(3):220-7. doi: 10.1136/oemed-2013-101396. Epub 2013 Sep 24.
    4. Babu GR, Mahapatra T, Mahapatra S, Detels R. Sexual behavior and job stress in software professionals, Bengaluru – India. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2013 May; 17(2):58-65. doi: 10.4103/0019-5278.123165.
    5. Babu GR, Mahapatra T, Detels R. Application of mixed methods for exploration of the association of job stress and hypertension among software professionals in Bengaluru, India. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2013 May; 17(2):41-7. doi: 10.4103/0019-5278.123160.
    6. Babu GR. Prevalence of Job Stress, General Health Profile, and Hypertension Among Professionals in the Information Technology Sector in Bengaluru, India. Los Angeles: University of California, Los Angeles; 2012.
    7. Babu GR, Detels R. Prioritizing Social Actions And Involving Community For Prevention Of The Non-Communicable Diseases. The Internet Journal of Epidemiology. 2011;9(2).
    8. Giridhara R Babu, Sathyanarayana T N, Snehendu B Kar, Roger Detels. Perceived occupational stressors and the health of Software Professionals in Bengaluru, India. The Qualitative Report.
  4. Subsequent to the study in software professionals, we have now conducted the study in schoolteachers and employees of the health department. These studies are helping us to collate evidence on the worksite-based burden of NCDs and are helpful in designing the appropriate interventions. A series of papers are pending for publications on the burden of the diseases in different workgroups.
    1. Parimala, Giridhara R Babu, The Burden of Diabetes And Hypertension in the staff working in Directorate Of Health And Family Welfare Services, Bengaluru, Karnataka. [In press]
    2. Manjula, Sarin S, Giridhara R Babu. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in School teachers of Bengaluru. [In press]
    3. Sudha BK, Sarin S, Giridhara R Babu Prevalence of Hypertension in School teachers of Bengaluru. [In press]

References for Details of Earlier Research:

  1. Giridhara R Babu, Mahapatra, and R. Detels. “Job stress and hypertension in younger software professionals in India.” Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 17.3 (2013): 101.
  2. Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Muntner P, Whelton PK, He J. Global burden of hypertension: Analysis of worldwide data. Lancet. 2005;365:217–23.
  3. World Health Organization. Global Health Risks: mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2010; 2009.
  4. Srinath RK. Protecting the heart of global development. Heart Beat, The World Heart Federation Newsletter. 2005. Jun, [Last accessed on 2014 Jan 10].
  5. Yusuf S, Reddy S, Ounpuu S, Anand S. Global burden of cardiovascular diseases: Part II: Variations in cardiovascular disease by specific ethnic groups and geographic regions and prevention strategies. Circulation. 2001;104:2855–64.
  6. Murray CJ, Lopez AD. Global mortality, disability, and the contribution of risk factors: Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet. 1997;349:1436–42.
  7. Reddy KS. India wakes up to the threat of cardiovascular diseases. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007;50:1370–2.
  8. Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL, Jr, et al. Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Hypertension. 2003;42:1206–52.
  9. Kivimäkii M, Nyberg ST, Batty GD, et al. Job strain as a risk factor for coronary 
heart disease: a collaborative meta-analysis of individual participant data. Lancet 
2012;380:1491–7.

 

The research publications are listed in this link: Publications

Advocacy is provided in this link: Links

Professional Memberships

Research

Statement of Research Interests  In Asia, there is an imperative need to implement the practice of evidence-based public health policy, planning, and spending. My earlier and ongoing research provides the appropriate evidence, which can guide the formulation of policy to bring in positive change that we can see in our lifetime. I am focused shaping …

Health for Indians—who cares about it anyway?

For maximum media bites political parties often pitch intensively against a few individuals. There is, however, no real discussion of the issues which affect the lives of scores of Indians. “Development” has recently become the buzzword of political parties. If development means economic and social transformation, then health should be seen as an essential component. …

Public Health News around World

It’s world population day – but what would the world look like if represented by just 100 people? http://t.co/VSXIvKOutR — via Wellcome Trust July 11, 2013  

Publications

Selected Peer reviewed Publications (Published) 

  1. Giridhara R Babu , Sudhir PM, Mahapatra T, Das A, Rathnaiah M, Anand I, Detels R. Association of quality of life and job stress in occupational workforce of India: Findings from a cross-sectional study on software professionals. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2016;20:109-13. Link Download
  2. Babu GR, Murthy G, Deepa R, Yamuna, Prafulla, Kumar HK, Karthik M, Deshpande K, Benjamin Neelon SE, Prabhakaran D, Anura Kurpad, Sanjay Kinra. Maternal antecedents of adiposity and studying the transgenerational role of hyperglycemia and insulin (MAASTHI):: a prospective cohort study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016, 16(1):311. Link Download
  3. Clare E. Gilbert, Babu, G. R, Aashrai Sai Venkat Gudlavalleti, Raghupathy Anchala, Rajan Shukla, Pant Hira Ballabh, Praveen Vashist, Srikrishna S. Ramachandra, Komal Allagh, Jayanti Sagar, Souvik Bandyopadhyay, G. V. S. Murthy. Eye care infrastructure and human resources for managing diabetic retinopathy in India: The India 11-city 9-state study. Indian J Endocr Metab 2016;20:3-10. Link Download
  4. Anchala R, Gudlavalleti AS, Gudlavalleti MV, Singh V, Shukla R, Jotheeswaran A T, Babu, G. R, Ramachandra SS, Sagar J, Bandyopadhyay S, Ballabh HP, Gilbert CE. Human resources, patient load, and infrastructure at institutions providing diabetic care in India: The India 11-city 9-state study. Indian J Endocr Metab 2016;20, Suppl S1:11-8. Link Download
  5. Gudlavalleti MV, Anchala R, Gudlavalleti AS, Ramachandra SS, Shukla R, Jotheeswaran A T, Babu, G. R, Singh V, Allagh K, Sagar J, Bandyopadhyay S, Gilbert CE. Perceptions and practices related to diabetes reported by persons with diabetes attending diabetic care clinics: The India 11-city 9-state study. Indian J Endocr Metab 2016;20, Suppl S1:26-32. Link Download
  6. Hu J, Gu X, Tao X, Qian Y, Babu GR, Wang G, Liao M, Han L, Kang D, Tang W: Prevalence and Trends of HIV, Syphilis, and HCV in Migrant and Resident Men Who Have Sex with Men in Shandong, China: Results from a Serial Cross-Sectional Study. PLOS ONE 2017, 12(1):e0170443. Link Download
  7. Guohong Chen, Ya Cao, Yuan Yao, Ming Li, Weiming Tang, Jianjun Li, Giridhara R Babu, Yue Jia, Xiping Huan, Genxing Xu, Haitao Yang, Gengfeng Fu, and Lei Li. Syphilis incidence among men who have sex with men in China: results from a meta-analysis. Int J STD AIDS. Link Download
  8. Babu, G. R., Sathyanarayana, T. N., Ketharam, A., Kar, S. B., & Detels, R. (2015). Perceived occupational stressors and the health of software professionals in Bengaluru, India. The Qualitative Report, 20(3), 314-335. Link Download
  9. Babu, G R., B. Tejaswi, M. Kalavathi, G. M. Vatsala, G. V. S. Murthy, Sanjay Kinra, and Sara E. Benjamin Neelon. “Assessment of screening practices for gestational hyperglycaemia in public health facilities: a descriptive study in Bangalore, India.” Journal of Public Health Research 4, no. 1 (2015). Link Download
  10. Ranjan A, Babu G R, Detels R. Knowledge, Attitude and Perception about HIV/AIDS among the Wives of Migrant Workers of Muzaffarpur District in Bihar. J Community Med Health Educ. 2015;5(361):2161-0711.1000361. Link Download
  11. Wenya Yu, Lu Wang, Na Han, Xiayan Zhang, Tanmay Mahapatra, Sanchita Mahapatra, Babu GR, Weiming Tang, Roger Detels, Jinkou Zhao. Pre-exposure prophylaxis of HIV: A right way to go or a long way to go? Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology 0 0:0, 1-8. Link Download
  12. Giridhara R BabuLavanya GaradiG V S MurthySanjay Kinra. “Effect of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy on adiposity in their infants in India: a protocol of a multicentre cohort study.” BMJ Open 4.6 (2014): e005417. Link Download
  13. Babu, G. R., Jotheeswaran, A. T., Mahapatra, T., Mahapatra, S., Kumar, A., Detels, R., & Pearce, N. (2014). Republished: Is hypertension associated with job strain? A meta-analysis of observational studies. Postgraduate medical journal, 90(1065), 402-409. Link Download
  14. Fu GF, Jiang N, Hu HY, Mahapatra T, Yin YP, Mahapatra S, Wang XL, Chen XS, Babu GR, Xu XQ, Ding P, Qiu T, Liu XY, Guo H, Huan XP, Tang W. “The Epidemic of HIV, Syphilis, Chlamydia and Gonorrhea and the Correlates of Sexual Transmitted Infections among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Jiangsu, China, 2009.” PloS one 10, no. 3 (2014): e0118863-e0118863. Link Download
  15. Cheng, Weibin, Weiming Tang, Fei Zhong, Giridhar R. Babu, Zhigang Han, Faju Qin, Kai Gao et al. “Consistently High Unprotected Anal Intercourse (UAI) and factors correlated with UAI among men who have sex with men: implication of a serial cross-sectional study in Guangzhou, China.” BMC infectious diseases 14, no. 1 (2014): 696. Link  Download
  16. Babu, G. R., Sathyanarayana, T. N., Shapeti, S. S., Halagi, P. N., Raveendra, H. N. (2014). Creation of Public Health Cadre in Karnataka State, India. Annals of Community Health, 2(2), 4-14. Link Download
  17. Mahapatra T, Mahapatra S, Giridhara R Babu, Tang W, Banerjee B, Mahapatra U, Das A. Cholera Outbreaks in South and Southeast Asia: Descriptive Analysis, 2003-2012. Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2014; 67(3): 145-56. Link Download
  18. Giridhara R Babu, T. Mahapatra, and R. Detels. “Job stress and hypertension in younger software professionals in India.” Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 17.3 (2013): 101. Link Download
  19. Babu GR, Jotheeswaran A, Mahapatra T, Mahapatra S, Kumar A SR, Detels R, Pearce N. Is hypertension associated with job strain? A meta-analysis of observational studies. Occup Environ Med. 2014 Mar; 71(3):220-7. Epub 2013 Sep 24. Link Download
  20. Babu GR, Mahapatra T, Mahapatra S, Detels R. Sexual behavior and job stress in software professionals, Bengaluru – India. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2013 May; 17(2):58-65. Link Download
  21. Mistry R,  Giridhara R Babu, Mahapatra T, McCarthy WJ. Cognitive Mediators and Disparities in the Relation Between Teen Depressiveness and Smoking, Drug and Alcohol Dependence (2014), Link Download
  22. Bodapati SL, Babu GR. Oncologist perspectives on breast cancer screening in India- results from a qualitative study in Andhra Pradesh. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(10):5817-23. Link  Download
  23. Giridhara R Babu, Sathyanarayana TN, Anant Bhan, J K Lakshmi, Megha Kishore. An appraisal of the tuberculosis programme in India using an ethics framework. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics. 2014; 11(1): 11-15 Link Download
  24. Giridhara R Babu, Mahapatra T, Detels R. Application of mixed methods for exploration of the association of job stress and hypertension among software professionals in Bengaluru, India. Indian journal of occupational and environmental medicine. 2013;17(2):41-7. Link Download
  25. Giridhara R Babu, Jotheeswaran AT, Tanmay Mahapatra, Sanchita Mahapatra Roger Detels, Neil Pearce. Is hypertension associated with job stress? – A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Occup Environ Med oemed-2013-101396 Link Download
  26. Giridhara R Babu, Srikanthi, B.N., & Jotheeswaran., A.T. (2013). Epidemiological correlates of breast cancer in South India. Asian Pacific Journal for Cancer Prevention. 2013: 14 (9):5077-5083. Link Download
  27. Ushashree Garikipati, Babu GR, Hira Pant, GVS Murthy. A study of infant deaths in tribal area of Andhra Pradesh, India. Global J of Med and Public Health. Link Download
  28. Giridhara R Babu, Tanmay Mahapatra, Sanchita Mahapatra, Roger Detels. Sexual Behaviour and Job Stress in Software Professionals, Bangalore- India. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.  Link Download
  29. Srikanthi. Giridhara R Babu. Oncologist’s perspectives on Breast Cancer Screening in India. Results from a qualitative study in Andhra Pradesh. Asian Pacific Journal for Cancer Prevention. 2013: 14 (10) Link Download 
  30. Giridhara R Babu, Jotheeswaran AT, Tanmay Mahapatra, Sanchita Mahapatra Roger Detels, Neil Pearce. Is hypertension associated with job stress? – A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Occup Environ Med oemed-2013-101396. Link Download
  31. Xiping Huan, Weiming Tang, Giridhara R. Babu, Jianjun Li, Min Zhang, Xiaoyan Liu, Hongjing Yan, Gengfeng Fu, Jinkou Zhao, Haitao Yang et al. (2013) HIV Risk-Reduction Counseling and Testing on Behavior Change of MSM. PLoS ONE 8(7): e69740. Link Download 
  32. Das A, Giridhara R Babu, Ghosh P, Mahapatra T, Malmgren R, Detels R. Epidemiologic correlates of willingness to be tested for HIV and prior testing among married men in India. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 2013 July 19, 2013. Link Download
  33. Giridhara R Babu. Prevalence of Job Stress, General Health Profile and Hypertension Among Professionals in the Information Technology Sector in Bengaluru, India. Los Angeles: University of California, Los Angeles; 2012. Link Download
  34. Giridhara R Babu, Laxminarayan R. The unsurprising story of MDR-TB resistance in India. Tuberculosis. 2012. Link  Download
  35. Giridhara R Babu, Sathyanarayana T, Jana S, Nandy S, Farid MN, Sadhana S. Role of catch-up campaigns in improving immunization services in a developing country. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2012(5):441-6. Link Download
  36. Giridhara R Babu, Ramachandra SS, Garikipati U, Mahapatra T, Mahapatra S, Narayana S. Maternal Health Correlates Of Neonatal Deaths In A Tribal Area In India. The Internet Journal of Epidemiology. 2012; 10(2): DOI: 10.5580/2cc4. Link Download
  37. Sathyanarayana T, Giridhara R Babu, Kadam S. Barriers, Challenges and Possible Solutions in Establishing Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) in India: A Policy Perspective. International Journal of User-Driven Healthcare (IJUDH). 2012; 2(3): 1-8. Link Download
  38. Ghosh P, Arah O, Talukdar A, Sur D, Giridhara R Babu, Sengupta P, et al. Factors associated with HIV infection among Indian women. International journal of STD & AIDS. 2011;22(3):140-5. Link Download
  39. Giridhara R Babu, Samari G, Cohen SP, Mahapatra T, Wahbe RM, Mermash S, et al. Breast cancer screening among females in Iran and recommendations for improved practice: a review. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP. 2011; 12(7): 1647. Link Download
  40. Giridhara R Babu, Murthy G. To Use or Not to Use: – Dilemma of Developing Countries in Introducing New Vaccines. Journal of global infectious diseases. 2011;3(4):406. Link Download
  41. Sathyanarayan T, Giridhara R Babu. Creating a public health cadre in India: The development of a framework for interprofessional and inter-sector collaboration. Journal of interprofessional care. 2011;25(4):308-10. Link Download
  42. Giridhara R Babu. Evidence for health policy in India: do we have enough data? JRSM. 2012;105(9):365.  Link Download
  43. Giridhara R Babu. India’s tryst with creation of public health cadre. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2011;4(2):143. Link Download
  44. Giridhara R Babu. ” Opportunities for improving public health system in India” analysis of current state of affairs and pointers for future. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2011;4(2):69. Link Download
  45. Giridhara R Babu. Obesity in Elderly and Life Expectancy in India. International Journal of Medicine and Public health. 2011;1(2):2-3. Link Download
  46. Giridhara R Babu. In Response to Suicides in Malaysia. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology. 2011;32(2):e15. Link Download
  47. Giridhara R Babu. Regarding Problems related to menstruation amongst adolescent girls. Indian journal of pediatrics. 2010;77(2):218-9. Link Download
  48. Giridhara R Babu. Response to “Cancer incidence rates among South Asians in four geographic regions: India, Singapore, UK and US”. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2009;38(4):1157-8. Link Download
  49. Giridhara R Babu. Comment on “Development and Validation of a Colon Cancer Risk Assessment Tool for Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy”. The American journal of gastroenterology. 2009;104(12):3102-3.  Link Download
  50. Giridhara R Babu. Comment on “From risk factors to explanation in public health”. Journal of Public Health. 2008;30(4):515-6. Link Download

In Press – Peer reviewed Publications

  1. Manjula B, Biswamitra Sahu, Deepa, Giridhara R Babu. A study of prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus among School Teachers in Bengaluru. Rajivgandhi University National Journal of Public health. [In press]
  2. Sudha B Krishnegowda, Biswamitra Sahu, Deepa, Giridhara R Babu. A study of prevalence of Hypertension among School Teachers in Bengaluru. Rajivgandhi University National Journal of Public health. [In press]

Peer reviewed Abstracts Published as abstracts of Conferences 

  1. Giridhar R Babu, Sathyanarayana TN, Anant Bhan, J K Lakshmi, Megha Kishore. Revised National Program for Tuberculosis in India:- The slender split between ethical principles and operational convenience. 5th National Bioethics Conference. 11th December 2014. St.John’s research Institute, Bangalore.
  2. Giridhara R Babu, Association of quality of life and job stress in occupational workforce of India: A cross sectional study in software professionals. IEA regional Conference, Pokhara, Nepal.
  3. Giridhara R Babu, Tanmay Mahapatra, Roger Detels. Job Stress and Hypertension in Young Software professionals. South-East Asia Regional Public Health Conference. IPHACON 2013, Kolkotta. 1st-3rd February 2013
  4. Giridhara R Babu, Tanmay Mahapatra, Roger Detels. Sexual behaviour and association with occupational stress among software professionals of Bengaluru, India. Southeast Asia Regional Public Health Conference. IPHACON 2013, Kolkotta. 1st-3rd February 2013
  5. Giridhara R Babu, Jotheeswaran A Thiagarajan, Tanmay Mahapatra, Sanchita Mahapatra, Roger Detels. Job stress and hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. South-East Asia Regional Public Health Conference. IPHACON 2013, Kolkotta. 1st-3rd February 2013
  6. Giridhara R Babu. Job stress and hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. PHFI Research symposium, 5th January 2013.
  7. Giridhara R Babu. Sexual behaviour and association with occupational stress among software professionals of Bengaluru, India. PHFI Research symposium, 4th -5th January 2013.
  8. Giridhara R Babu. Job Stress and Hypertension in Young Software professionals’ PHFI Research symposium, 4th -5th January 2013.
  9. Giridhara R Babu, Keynote address on scope of public health and social work in India. Public Health and Social work in International settings. International conference on Global Public Health and Social work- DYUTI 2013. 4 January 2013
  10. Giridhara R Babu, Social Determinants of Health, Right to Health & Health Equity. International conference on Global Public Health and Social work- DYUTI 2013. 5 January 2013
  11. Giridhara R Babu, Analysis of Universal Health Coverage and Pointers for Future”. 3rd November 2012. 24th Annual Conference of KACH. Karnataka Association of Community Health Professionals. Bagalkote, India.
  12. Giridhara R Babu, Public Health Cadre in the state of Karnataka, Indian Public Health Association Annual Conference, Kochi, 13-14th February, 2012.
  13. Ghosh, P, Arah, OA, Talukdar, A, Sur, D, Giridhara R Babu, Sengupta, P, Detels, R. Factors associated with HIV infection among Indian women. In: Translation Research on HIV and AIDS in India (TRAI); 2011, 13th – 14th January; Panaji, India.
  14. Giridhara R Babu, Strengthening Public Health Education in India – Epidemiology Training, organized by Public 
health foundation of India and Deakin University, IIPH-Delhi.
  15. Giridhara R Babu Public Health Foundation of India. 7th March 2011. Preliminary results on
study of Job Stress and Hypertension in IT professionals. Research symposium, Hyderabad, 2012.

 

External Links

Pubmed Profile  Untitled

Google Scholar Page Untitled

 

Media

Welcome to the Media Page. The press releases, media publications, videos and other media info are in this page.

Articles

  1. Attaining the SDGs: Which way India needs to gaze? ETHealthworld.com, Oct 02, 2016. Link
  2. Public health: Why is now the best chance? Deccan Herald, July 04, 2016. Link
  3. Why endure with insurance? Prevent, Deccan Herald, March 23, 2016. Link
  4. Invest more to keep India heart-healthy, Deccan Herald, Dec 9, 2015. Link
  5. Who is responsible for people’s health?, Deccan Herald June 12, 2015. Link
  6. When in doubt, don’t use antibiotics, Deccan Herald July 02, 2015. Link
  7. Stress at work: A pill or a peril, Deccan Herald July 31, 2015. Link
  8. Thank you MPs, but what are you smoking?, Express Health Care, April 13, 2015. Link
  9. Only insurance will not make us healthy, Deccan Herald, Sep 12, 2015,. Link
  10. May is here, prevent dengue, Deccan Herald, May 12, 2015. Link
  11. Visiting private clinic for immunisation?, Deccan Herald, April 08, 2015,. Link
  12. Eternally neglected health system, Deccan Herald, July 17, 2015,. Link
  13. Epidemiology of TB in India, Express pharma, 15 March 2013. Link 
  14. Don’t let pressure get to you. The Hindu, April 8, 2013. Link
  15. Hospital bills make patients paupers, The Bangalore Mirror, Jul 6, 2013. Link
  16. Building a healthy Karnataka, One World South Asia, Jun 21, 2013. Stressed-Out Techies in Search of Relief Indulging in Risky Sex: Study. The New Indian Express. Dec 19, 2013. Link
  17. Health for Indians—who cares about it anyway?, BMJ Group Blogs. 20 February, 2014. Link
  18. It might be Survival that determines Shopping. J Epidemiol Community Health 2011. Link
  19. Use of Social Media in Public Health: Experience with Public Health in India- A Facebook group. Blogs on Public Health Global Network Link published on Nov 17, 2011

 

Media Mentions

  • SIX DENGUE DEATHS IN STATE SINCE JULY 1
  •  Public health needs could have been addressed better, Bangalore Mirror Bureau, Mar 19, 2016.  Link
  • Arogyavani reaches out to 4.19 lakh in 10 months, The Hindu, April 11, 2014. Link
  • Software professionals more prone to hypertension: study, The Hindu, April 26, 2014. Link
  • Garbage Increases Epidemic Deaths by 5 Times in One Year, The New Indian Express, December 27, 2013 . Link
  • Stressed-Out Techies in Search of Relief Indulging in Risky Sex: Study,The New Indian Express, December 19, 2013 . Link
  • Call for allocating funds to primary healthcare, The New Indian Express, Kochi. 06th January 2013. Link
  • Andhra Pradesh records most cases of acute diarrhea. The Times of India, Oct 22, 2013. Link
  • Farming of Catfish Thrives Despite Ban. The New Indian Express. 18th December 2013. Link
  • Garbage Increases Epidemic Deaths by 5 Times in One Year. The New Indian Express. 27th December 2013. Link
  • Seasonal Change Brings Health Woes, Sends More Smokers to Hospitals. The New Indian Express. 27th January 2014. Link
  • India Editor’s Choice, SOS: time to reclaim the air we breathe, BMJ 2014; 348 Link
  • India Editor’s Choice, SOS: time to reclaim the air we breathe, BMJ 2014; 348 Link

To find more details or contact, visit the following links